Dating jewish american
The minutes of the Congregation Shearith Israel of New York begin in 1729, when it was located in Mill Street, and refer to records dating back as far as 1706.
Like Barsimson, they had fled from a former Dutch settlement; the group had emigrated from Dutch Brazil after the settlement was conquered by the Portuguese. They originally docked in Spanish Jamaica and Spanish Cuba, but the Spanish did not allow them to remain there. Catherine, went to New Amsterdam instead, settling against the wishes of local merchants and the local Dutch Reformed Church.
On July 8, 1654, Jacob Barsimson left Holland and arrived aboard the Peartree on August 22 in the port of New Amsterdam (in Lower Manhattan, where Wall Street is today).
Barsimson was employed by the Dutch East India Company and had fled the Portuguese settlements in the New World, who had captured a formerly Dutch settlement and established the Portuguese Inquisition there.
His appeal was successful and established the rights of Jews as British subjects.
This appears to be the first case in which a colonial grant of naturalization was recognized as valid.